Birth Defects Print


  - Dissection of humans with various types of birth defects (e.g., polydactyly or oligodactyly) related with different types of syndromes (e.g. related to trisomies 13, 18 and 21).

 - Publication of musculoskeletal atlases of different types of human defects (e.g., polydactyly) in different types of syndromes (e.g. related to trisomies 13, 18 and 21).

 - Study of phenotypic-genotypic correlations and muscle-skeleton spatial associations in human birth defects

- Pave the way to better predict the musculoskeletal phenotype of infants and children with birth defects and therefore to better evaluate and plan, and improve the effective effectiveness of, surgical treatment of such defects


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 (* picture by, and copyright of, Christopher Smith)